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Discovering the Diverse Wildlife of Arctic Russia

The Arctic region of Russia is known for its harsh and inhospitable climate, but it is also home to a diverse array of wildlife species that have adapted to this unique environment. From reindeer and Arctic foxes to polar bears and whales, the wildlife of Arctic Russia is as diverse as it is fascinating. In this article, we will take a closer look at the most notable wildlife species found in the Russian Arctic and what makes them so unique.


Reindeer are one of the most iconic wildlife species found in the Arctic, and they play a crucial role in the lives and culture of the indigenous Sami people. Reindeer are well adapted to the harsh conditions of the Arctic, with their thick fur, wide hooves and powerful legs allowing them to traverse the snowy tundra and rugged terrain. They feed on mosses, lichens and other vegetation, and they are also an important source of food and clothing for the Sami people.

Arctic Fox

The Arctic fox is another species that has adapted to life in the harsh Arctic environment. They are highly mobile and have a thick fur that helps them to survive in the frigid temperatures. They feed on a variety of small prey, including lemmings, birds and fish, and they are also known to scavenge from human settlements and hunting camps. Arctic foxes are also important predators in the Arctic ecosystem, playing a key role in maintaining the balance of the food chain.

Polar Bear

The polar bear is the largest predator found in the Arctic, and it is also one of the most iconic species of the region. These powerful predators rely on the sea ice for hunting and breeding, and they feed mainly on seals and other marine mammals. Polar bears are considered to be a threatened species due to the rapid loss of sea ice due to climate change, and conservation efforts are underway to protect this magnificent animal and its habitat.


The Arctic waters surrounding Russia are home to a number of whale species, including the bowhead, beluga, narwhal and minke whales. These magnificent creatures feed on fish and krill, and they play a crucial role in the Arctic ecosystem by transferring nutrients from the ocean to the tundra. Whaling has been an important part of the culture and economy of the Arctic for centuries, and the whales of the Russian Arctic are an important resource for the local communities.


Seals are a common sight in the Arctic waters surrounding Russia, and they play an important role in the ecosystem as both predators and prey. There are several species of seals found in the Russian Arctic, including the ringed, bearded and harp seals, and they are an important source of food for the indigenous people, as well as for the polar bears and other predators. Seals are also important for the local economy, with their skin and blubber being used for clothing, fuel and food.

The wildlife of Arctic Russia is as diverse as it is fascinating, and it plays a crucial role in the lives and cultures of the indigenous people of the region. From reindeer and Arctic foxes to polar bears and whales, the wildlife of the Russian Arctic is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of life in the harshest of environments. Whether you are a wildlife enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply interested in exploring the rich heritage of the Arctic, a journey through the wildlife of Arctic Russia is an unforgettable experience that is not to be missed.

Prev The Sami People: Guardians of the Arctic and Keepers of an Ancient Culture
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